The pre-licensing course is designed to cover the sixty-four (64) hours of required training face-to-face training as follows:
1. Manufactured housing: two (2) hours;
2. Standards of practice, KRS 198B.700 to 198B.738 and 831 KAR Chapter 6, contracts, report writing, and communications: twelve (12) hours;
3. Exterior, roofing, insulation, and ventilation: six (6) hours;
4. Structure and interior: nine (9) hours;
5. Electrical and plumbing: nine (9) hours;
6. Heating and air conditioning: six (6) hours;
7. Field training: sixteen (16) hours, including not more than eight (8) hours in a laboratory;
8. General residential construction: three (3) hours; and
9. Environmental hazards, mitigation, water quality, and indoor air quality: one (1) hour;
The completion of three (3) unpaid home inspections under the direct supervision of a
Kentucky licensed home inspector with satisfactory written reports submitted to the course
provider in addition to the sixteen (16) hours of field training required by paragraph (a)7. of this
An exit examination with a passing score to be determined by the provider.
The course is scheduled Monday-Friday the first week and Monday-Wednesday the second week. The class starts at 8:00 AM daily.
Manufactured Housing- This two hour course is intended for new, intermediate and experienced home inspectors and will provide information that will offer a guide to the inspection of manufactured, modular, and mobile houses. It is designed to cover the basics in each component, as well as proper installation techniques. It begins with discussion of the history of manufactured housing; covers inspectors’ uses of the data plate, HUD label and other information sources; and then studies site preparation, foundation requirements and layouts (footer sizes & pads & piers), design loads for foundations, anchorage and tie downs (straps, anchors & bolts). The next section will cover plumbing, electrical, roofs, exterior, crawl space, interior and a brief review of HUD maps showing flood zones, wind speeds, and Kentucky’s vulnerability to landsliding. Through the use of a power point presentation in a classroom environment along with multiple photographs of manufactured houses, when the student successfully completes a final exam, they will have earned 2 credit hours.
Standards of practice, KRS 198B.700 to 198B.738 and 831 KAR Chapter 2, contracts, report writing, and communications- We begin this course with a rewiew of Kentucky law, both requlatory and statutory. Next we cover communications with the client to include various software programs that are available. The two standards of practice are reviewed in detail and compared since the students will have to choose one to operate under. A discussion of pre-inspection agreements and state required notices will be covered.
Exterior, Roofing, Insulation, and Ventilation – The exterior of a house encompasses many components and is often neglected. This course is designed to teach home inspectors how to observe, describe, analyze and accurately report within the ASHI & InterNACHI standards of practice all the exterior components of a house: overview of exterior cladding, wall surfaces, trim, soffits and fascia, windows and doors, flashing, caulking, overview of exterior structures, porches, decks, balconies, garages and carports, an overview of surface water control and landscaping, lot grading, gutters and downspouts, window wells, walks, driveways and grounds, and retaining walls. Appropriate reporting methods discussed and examples supplied.
Roof – Types of materials and the procedures for installation are described, illustrated and discussed in detail. Samples will be available for hands-on identification. How to identify different types of roofing materials will be studied with a hands-on approach with samples of many types. Roof structure designs and the reasons roof failures occur will be covered, including framing, sheathing, defective roofing materials and installation errors. Topics covered will include general strategies for steep roofs, asphalt shingles, wood shingles and shakes, slate, clay tile, concrete tile, fiber cement (asbestos cement, mineral cement, or cement asbestos shingles), metal roofing, roll roofing, steep roof flashings, flat roofs, built-up roofing, modified bitumen, synthetic rubber, plastic roofing, and flat roof flashing. Original instillation irregularities, material failure based on ageing and materials that prematurely become defective are key components in roofing.
Flashing, drainage and ventilation provisions will be discussed along with the aging process and how they lend themselves to leaking if not adequately installed. How to evaluate the roof for active and past leaks is illustrated and discussed in detail with emphasis on the roof slope, attic clues, and surrounding weather exposure.
Learn how to identify the style of the roof and methods of roof inspection. Describe the type and condition of exposed flashing. Learn how to recognize properly installed skylights and signals of failure. Describe the type and condition of gutters and downspouts. How to select and use the appropriate tools: ladders, binoculars, safety gloves, shoes, roof slope finders, moisture meters and most important, when to and not to walk on the roof. Safety issues concerning the inspection process are discussed and reinforced. Appropriate reporting methods discussed and examples supplied.
Attic – Attic inspection is crucial to (and usually precedes) roof integrity inspection questions; it also defines many insulation considerations.
Students learn how to locate and identify access methods. Understand how to identify the type of roof framing. Describe the type and condition of ceiling frames. Students are shown how to take precautionary note of hazardous areas of a roof, visible more readily from the attic. Identify types and proper installation of roof sheathing. Describe the type and condition of attic insulation. Learn the different methods of attic ventilation. Learn to evaluate vent pipes and flashing in the attic. Understand how to recognize holes, gaps, or leaks. Learn where to look for moisture and mildew and understand different evidences of prior or present water penetration. Appropriate reporting methods discussed and examples supplied.
Insulation & Ventilation – Objectives: Train the home inspector how insulation, air/vapor barriers, and ventilation system work to keep houses comfortable and structurally sound. While most homeowners consider that ventilation and insulation exists to reduce heating and cooling costs, the home inspector’s goal inspecting insulation, air/vapor barriers, and ventilation systems is to identify conditions that may damage or ruin the house.
The course covers the basics of types of insulation and how they work. Learn how to describe some of the common materials and their characteristics. Air/vapor barrier materials, venting roofs, venting living spaces, attic insulation, flat and cathedral roofs, walls above grade, basements and crawl spaced, floors over unheated areas and exhaust fans will be covered in this course. Moisture control, a very important and poorly understood component will be discussed. Roofs, walls, floors, basements, and crawlspaces will be studied on how insulation and ventilation problems typically occur in each aspect. Approaches that help with ventilation to maintain good air quality in buildings are a rising concern and will help the inspector advise customers.
Structural & Interior Inpsection – Inspecting the structure of the home is an important step in the home inspection process. The general usefulness of the whole home depends on how sound its structure is. In the extreme cases, the safety of the occupants is at risk. The home inspector observes all those aspects of the home’s structure that are readily available for inspection, describes the type of construction and the material used in the structural components, and reports any problems or defects found.
Identify and describe the type of footings and foundations, sills, columns, beams, joists, sub-flooring, concrete floor slabs, introduction to wall systems, solid masonry walls, wood frame walls, masonry veneer walls, arches and lintels, an overview of the roof structure, rafters, roof joists, and ceiling joists, collar ties, knee walls and purlins, trusses, wood “I” joists, and roof sheathing.
Virtually every space within the living area is inspected: the walls, ceiling, floors, heat sources, windows, doors, attic, basement and crawl spaces. Each one is evaluated and discussed as related to inspecting standards and accessibility. Typical cracks, settlement, sagging and cosmetic items are separated from conditions which could be a structural deficiency that a licensed professional would have to further evaluate.
Types of windows, doors, flooring, stairs, and handrails are identified and illustrated for visual inspecting data. Floor samples will be available for hands on training.
Identify the number of bedrooms and bathrooms. Identify and describe the type of floors. Identify and describe the type of interior walls. Describe the type and condition of ceilings. Learn to evaluate different types of entry doors. Learn to evaluate different types of interior doors. Identify properly installed stairs and railings. Describe the type and condition of window. Learn where to look for moisture and mildew. Understand how to evaluate the fireplace.
Electrical & Plumbing – The most important aspect of the electrical inspection is to be on the alert for safety hazards. Instruction will be provided on the basic principles of a residential electrical system through a detailed coverage of both SOPs and The National Electrical Code (NEC) basics. Although home inspectors perform a visual examination of the electrical system and not a code inspection, being familiar with the NEC regulations is important for reporting and safety. The causes for most defects and hazards will be discussed in detail.
Voltage, current, resistance, volts, amperes, watts, ohms, etc., are defined and demonstrated. Basic wiring types, methods and sizes will be discussed and shown. Samples for hands on identification of wire size will take place. Breakers, fuses, GFCI’s, and panels will be on site for training. The operation of the GFCI is demonstrated along with information about the ideal location for placement within the residential home. Testing equipment for electrical receptacles will be shown and differences between the testers demonstrated.
Identify the service entrance location and capacity. Identify the type of service line entrance. Understand how to locate the Main disconnect. Identify the location and capacity of the Main Panel. Determine proper grounding and bonding. Identify the location and capacity of sub panels. Determine the quality of circuits and conductors. Identify and describe the wiring method. Identify GFCI and non-GFCI electrical circuits. Evaluate outlets, fixtures, and switches. Determine the presence of smoke detectors.
The basic function of the plumbing system within a residential home will be taught. The functions of the plumbing system’s supply, drain, waste and vent piping will be illustrated. Identify and the type and location of the water service. Identify the type and location of the fuels service. Describe the water entrance size and material. Identify and describe the type of water piping. Identify and describe the type of waste piping. Identify and describe the type of vent piping. Determine the method of waste removal. Identify and evaluate all plumbing fixtures. Identify and evaluate the water heater.
Heating & Air Conditioning – Permanently installed heating systems, whether central, multiple zone, or area, will be covered. The basic components of central heating systems illustrated are: a safe container, a heat exchanger, disposal system, distribution system, heat outlets and temperature and safety controls. The common types covered are gas, oil, hot air, hot water, steam, electric radiant and electric baseboard systems.
Identify the heating system’s location and fuel type. Determine the furnace age and capacity. Identify the method of heat distribution. Identify and describe fuel source. Learn to evaluate and describe heat exchanger. Understand how to identify proper venting. Learn how to recognize adequate combustion air. Identify and evaluate humidifier units. Identify and describe air filter units. Identify the location and type of supplemental heat.
Venting of noxious gases from carbon monoxide, due to improper combustion air requirements, and the proper overall venting of each system is covered in great detail. Consequences of improper venting will be covered through many illustrations.
Evaluation of the systems will be explained through methods and procedures. Proper tools needed to inspect will be discussed along with methods and procedures using them. Smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors, and gas detectors will be demonstrated along with additional use of other helpful items.
Air conditioning and heat pumps will be thoroughly discussed with the help of illustrations and instruction. In the heat pump and cooling mode of operation, the system will be examined for the different pressures and temperatures encountered during the operation of both modes. The refrigerant cycle and how it relates to residential cooling will be covered. Discussions will cover window and built-in wall units but they are not performed according to the methods of national standards of practice.
Identify the AC system’s location and fuel type. Determine the AC system’s age and capacity. Identify the method of cool air distribution. Identify the system’s Electrical disconnect location. Describe the cool air distribution components.